Prostate cancer is actually a disease that takes place in the male reproductive system. This cancer is incredibly popular as the most reasons for death in america.
The prostate itself accounts for production of semen. Anatomically, the prostate gland is located involving the bladder and rectum, so sometimes in diagnosed the ailment we need finger rectal examination besides PSA blood test.
Early signs and symptoms of prostate cancer nearly often overlooked, as it is usually without symptoms. This really is one answer for your question why this most often located in men aged fifty years along with the most often diagnosed from the seventies. Indeed consistent with age, symptom which had been not visible will probably be visible. a frequent complaint expressed by individuals with the disease is pain, specially when you urinate, sometimes you may found bleeding in urination, and the inclusion of erection problems.
The diagnosing prostate cancer is taken through physical examination or with a blood test named PSA. This Prostate Specific Antigen, may be the antigen when it found in someone`s blood, your physician will suspect him suffer the cancer. Later the suspicions of prostate specific antigen is going to be confirmed by using a tissue biopsy.
Appropriate prostatitis treatment for prostate cancer remains under debate. Treatment methods vary, based on the stage. During the early stages works extremely well prostatectomy (removing of prostate) and radiation therapy. If prostate cancer has spread, hormonal manipulation can be carried out (reduce testosterone levels through the removing of drugs or perhaps the testis) or chemotherapy.
1. Radical prostatectomy (elimination of the prostate gland).
Often performed on stage cancer A and B. The procedure is long and it is usually performed under general anesthesia or spinal. An incision is manufactured in the abdomen or perineal area, as well as the patient were required to undergo hospital treatment for 5-one week. Complications that could happen is impo-tence and incontinence uri. In patients that are still active se-x-life, can be achieved Potency-sparing radical prostatectomy.
2. Orkiektomi (removal of the testes, castration).
Appointment of two testes have decreased testosterone levels, but this process causes physical and psychological effects that will not be tolerated from the patients. Orkiektomi is a wonderful treatment, does not require re-treatment, in comparison with cheaper drugs and after undergoing orkiektomi patient failed to need prostate cancer treatment. Orkiektomi usually done around the cancer which had spread.
Radiation therapy used primarily to take care of cancer of A, B and C. Usually if the potential risk of surgical treatment is way too high, then do radiation therapy. Radiation therapy on the prostate gland can be accomplished in numerous ways:
1. External radiation therapy performed in hospitals with no need to undergo hospitalization. Side effects for example decreased appetite, fatigue, skin reactions (like redness and irritation), injury or burns to the rectum, diarrhea, cystitis (bladder infection) and hematuria. External radiation treatment therapy is usually done just as much as 5 times / week for 6-8 weeks.
2. Transplant iodine beads, gold or iridium radioactive directly on prostate tissue through a small incision. The benefit of this type of radiation treatment therapy is that radiation is directed right to the prostate with tissue damage from the surrounding smaller.
1. Hormonal manipulation
The target is usually to reduce the quantity of testosterone. Decrease in testosterone levels are usually extremely effective in preventing the expansion and spread of cancer. Hormonal manipulation is primarily used to alleviate symptoms without curing prostate cancer, namely cancer in patients who may have been spreading.
Synthetic drug whose function resembles luteinizing hormone Releasing Hormone (LHRH), the better popular to take care of advanced prostate cancer. An illustration is definitely the lupron or zoladeks.
These drugs suppress the formation of stimulating the testes to testosterone (this is called chemical castration as it has the same result with the removing of the testes). Drugs given as injections, usually every ninety days. The side effects are vomiting and nausea, flushed face, anemia, protatitis and impo-tence.
Other drugs used for hormonal therapy is androgen inhibitor (eg flutamid), which function in order to avoid the attachment of testosterone on prostate cells. One side effects are impot-ence, liver disorders, diarrhea, and gynecomastia (enlarged breasts).
Chemotherapy is normally utilized to treat signs and symptoms of prostate cancer is proof against hormonal therapy. Usually given just one drug or combination of several drugs to destroy cancer cells.
Drugs that can employed to treat prostate cancer is:
One side effects vary and rely on the drugs given. You ought to carefully think about the benefits and side effects of both treatments to get the prostate cancer treatment options that suited together with you.